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Social emergency funds


What are they?

They are economic grants aimed at people with insufficient financial resources for specific ordinary or extraordinary expenses, necessary to relieve or avoid situations of exclusion from society.

What specific expenses are considered to be basic?

The following expenses are considered as basic:

  • Rental expenses of the usual place of residence.
  • Expenses incurred from interests and principal on owner-occupied home loans, entered into prior to the situation of social emergency, and where applicable, prior to accessing the Basic Income Benefit.
  • Expenses in connection with energy, water, sewage, garbage services, and those corresponding to real estate taxes on urban or rural properties.
  • Expenses required for the habitability and basic equipment of the usual place of residence.
  • Expenses in relation to primary needs of one or more persons in the Independent Cohabitation Unit, such as clothing, education and training, and medical assistance, not covered by the various public systems.
  • Expenses related to previous debts, caused by one or more of the above types of expenses or because of other expenses essential to attend to the basic needs of life.

Who is eligible?

To be eligible for the Social Emergency Grants, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Applicants must be registered on the Census of any municipality of the Basque Country Autonomous Region, and must have been registered for at least 6 months prior to the application date.
  2. Applicants must be adults, except in those cases where they have financially dependent minors or disabled persons in their care, or if they are orphans with both parents deceased.
  3. Applicants must have insufficient financial resources to cover the above specific basic expenses.
    • Only one person within a cohabitation unit can be considered as eligible for aid for each of the expenses envisaged.
    • An individual or, if applicable, a cohabitation unit, will be considered as having insufficient income to cover totally or partially the above needs, when annual income, either in terms of earnings, payments, pensions or any other source of income, does not exceed 150% of the amount of the Basic Income Benefit which might be applicable according to the number of persons in the cohabitation unit, adjusted to monthly periods.

Relevant basic regulations

Where to apply?

Standard application forms must be lodged with the General Social Services Office at the Town Hall of the municipality where the applicant is a resident.

Who grants or denies the grants?

The social emergency grants are granted or denied by the General Social Services Office of the appropriate Town Hall or Associated Councils.

Maximum amount of grants 2002

Maximum amount
Rental expenses for usual place of residence, up to

See schedule of limits below. Item 1 to 4

Expenses for dwelling maintenance (energy, water, sewage, garbage services, real estate taxes, building upkeep costs), up to 1.082,00
Furniture and Essential Electrical Household Appliances (white goods), up to 1.803,00
Cost of Basic Repairs and Installations in the dwelling or accommodation 1.803,00
Expenses incurred from Primary Needs. (clothing, education, training, medical assistance, Other needs at the discretion of the General Social Services Offices) 1.803,00
Expenses from previously existing debts:
- Rentals, up to

See schedule of limits below. Item 1 to 4

- Maintenance, up to 1.082,00
- Furniture and electrical household appliances, up to 1.803,00
- Repairs and installations, up to 1.803,00
Maximum amount for debts related to all of the above expenses 3.360,00
Principal + Interest on home loans formalised prior to the emergency situation.- Basic Income Benefit

See schedule of limits below. Item 5


  1. Rental dwellings with 1 tenant only: Maximum 280 € per month or 70% of monthly rental.
    • Limit of UECIS (1): Maximum limit according to number of rooms.
    • Monthly economic limits according to number of UECIS (1) or rental amount:
      • 2 UECIS (1) Maximum 160 € per UECI (1) or up to a maximum of 80% of rental amount.
      • 3 UECIS (1) Maximum 120 € per UECI (1) or up to a maximum of 87% of rental amount.
      • 4 UECIS or more; Maximum 100 € per UECI or up to a maximum of 92% of rental amount.
  3. If LODGING agreements operate in the dwelling:
    • Limit of UECIS (1): Maximum limit according to number of rooms excluding owner’s room.
    • Monthly economic limits according to number of UECIS (1):
      • 1 Lodging agreement, 160 € per UC (2).
      • 2 Lodging agreements, 120 € per UC (2).
      • 3 or more rooms occupied under a Lodging agreement, 100 € per UC (2).
  4. Lodging in legally established HOTELS, GUESTHOUSES AND PENSIONS: Up to 220 € per month per cohabitation unit.
  5. Loan Interest and Amortisation expenses. 280€ per month, not exceeding 70% of total monthly interests or monthly loan amortisation.

(1) UECI - UECIS = Independent Economic Cohabitation Unit – Independent Economic Cohabitation Units.
(2) UC = Cohabitation Unit.


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